I had pain and some bleeding during bowel movements. My doctor says it's an anal fissure. What is that, and what's the best way to treat it? An anal fissure is a tear in the tissue that lines the anal canal, usually resulting from trauma, such as the passage of hard stool. It causes sharp, tearing pain while passing a bowel movement, often accompanied by a small amount of blood on the toilet tissue or surface of the stool.
WHAT IS AN ANAL FISSURE?
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Back to Anal fissure. Like other small cuts or tears to the skin, an anal fissure will often heal by itself within a few weeks. Most anal fissures will heal with treatment, although they can happen again easily, particularly if you don't follow the self-help advice outlined below. There are a number of different medicines your GP may recommend to help reduce your symptoms and allow your anal fissure to heal. Adults with an anal fissure will usually be prescribed bulk-forming laxative tablets or granules.
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Jump to content. An anal fissure is a tear in the lining of the lower rectum anal canal that causes pain during bowel movements. Anal fissures don't lead to more serious problems. Most anal fissures heal with home treatment after a few days or weeks. These are called short-term acute anal fissures. If you have an anal fissure that hasn't healed after 8 to 12 weeks, it is considered a long-term chronic fissure. A chronic fissure may need medical treatment. Anal fissures are a common problem.
Your doctor will likely ask about your medical history and perform a physical exam, including a gentle inspection of the anal region. Often the tear is visible. Usually this exam is all that's needed to diagnose an anal fissure. An acute anal fissure looks like a fresh tear, somewhat like a paper cut. A chronic anal fissure likely has a deeper tear, and may have internal or external fleshy growths. A fissure is considered chronic if it lasts more than eight weeks. The fissure's location offers clues about its cause. A fissure that occurs on the side of the anal opening, rather than the back or front, is more likely to be a sign of another disorder, such as Crohn's disease. Your doctor may recommend further testing if he or she thinks you have an underlying condition:.