The search for publications intentionally identified only studies reported in English or German. Studies of trans persons who were under age were excluded too. During the study selection process we excluded according to the mentioned criteria those studies that were not able to contribute to answering our research question figure. Furthermore, we searched the reference lists of all selected articles in order to be able to include further studies that were not found in the databases. This yielded four additional studies that met the inclusion criteria. In a parallel and independent process, DGN checked the results of this search. In cases where discrepancies were found, a solution pertaining to the inclusion of the relevant study was found by consensus. After the study selection process we viewed full-text articles and collated important key study data table 1. According to the definitions in the PICO scheme e1 we collated all relevant parameters from the individual studies in further full-text reviews.
Gender Affirmation Surgery
Call or. Request Information. Refer a Patient. Gender affirmation surgery also known as gender affirming surgery or gender reassignment surgery for a transfemine person is sometimes called "bottom surgery. There are three surgeries that can help a patient surgically transition from being a man to a woman. They are:. During a vaginoplasty surgery, a surgeon creates both an outer and inner vagina by using skin and tissue from a penis.
Transfeminine Bottom Surgery
Female-to-male surgery is a type of sex reassignment surgery, which is also called gender affirmation surgery or gender-affirming surgery. In this article, we describe female-to-male gender-affirming surgeries. We also discuss recovery and what to expect from a transgender penis. Before having female-to-male gender-affirming surgery, a person will receive testosterone replacement therapy. A person undergoing surgery to transition from female to male typically has a subcutaneous mastectomy to remove breast tissue. The surgeon will also make alterations to the appearance and position of the nipples. A person may wish to undergo this type of surgery if they are uncomfortable having a uterus, ovaries, or fallopian tubes, or if hormone therapy does not stop menstruation.
Male-to-Female MtF gender affirmation surgery GAS comprises the creation of a functional and aesthetic perineogenital complex. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of GAS on sexuality. We retrospectively surveyed all MtF transsexual patients who had undergone GAS with penile inversion vaginoplasty at the Department of Urology, University Hospital Essen, Germany, between and In total, we received completed questionnaires after a median of 5. Of the study participants, Of those who had sexual intercourse, Most patients were satisfied with the sensitivity of the neoclitoris The self-estimated pleasure of sexual activity correlated significantly with neoclitoral sensitivity but not with neovaginal depth. There was a significant correlation between the ease with which patients were able to become sexually aroused and their ability to achieve orgasms.