What explains public opinion toward transgender people, rights, and candidates? Drawing on original data from a national telephone survey of US adults, this study explains attitudes regarding 1 the personal characteristics of transgender people; 2 a variety of transgender rights; and 3 transgender candidates for public office, measured through a randomized experiment included in the survey. Results indicate majority support on most policy questions, but more tepid views of transgender people, and solid opposition to supporting a transgender candidate for office. Our analyses reflect and extend previous research on American public opinion. A significant relationship also emerged between television use and views of transgender people, suggesting that media portrayals may play a role in shaping these perceptions. In contrast, there is no evidence that interpersonal contact with a transgender person is related to opinions. Further, many of these independent variables have little moderating effect on responses to transgender candidates, which remain negative among most subgroups.
What are Public Accommodations?
Discrimination in public accommodations is covered by most state and local laws. This resource provides a general overview of the rights trans and gender nonconforming people have in public accommodations. Because NCTE does not provide legal services, we encourage anyone who has faced discrimination to seek legal help. Public accommodations are establishments that provide goods and services to the general public — which may include for example restaurants, theaters, hotels, hospitals, libraries, gas stations, and retail stores. State and federal civil rights laws prohibit covered businesses from discriminating against customers on some grounds, but the range of businesses covered by law varies. Federal nondiscrimination laws covering public accommodations cover only race, color, religion, national origin, and disability. Federal law does not prohibit discrimination based on sex, gender identity or sexual orientation in public accommodations. The majority of states 44 and the District of Columbia prohibit discrimination based on sex in public accommodations. Many state courts and enforcement agencies have interpreted these laws to protect transgender people. Many states and localities also explicitly prohibit discrimination based on gender identity and sexual orientation in public accommodations.
Some courts have ruled that Title VII also bans discrimination based on sexual orientation or gender identity. The Supreme Court recently announced it will take up this question in three cases. In addition, many states and cities have laws that ban this kind of discrimination.
Indirect discrimination is also against the law. If you are unsure if you have experienced discrimination or if you need more information, you can contact our enquiry service. If you are treated unfairly because you have made a complaint of discrimination or because you have provided evidence or information about a complaint, this is known as victimisation and is also against the law. Transgender vilification is against the law and is a public act that could incite hatred, serious contempt or ridicule towards transgender people. You can contact us to make a complaint if you experience transgender vilification. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Please enable scripts and reload this page. Back to Top.