Banyan tree is also called Kalpavriksha, Bargad, Vatavriksh or Barh. Thimmamma Marrimanu banyan tree is located in Anantapur district of Andhra Pradesh. Great Banyan is the largest Banyan tree in botanical garden of Kolkata and one of the biggest Banyan tree in the world. The year-old giant banyan tree is located at Adyar in Chennai. It is one of the Oldest living Banyan tree in India,believed to be years old. How come the Banyan tree in Kolkata is the biggest in India and whereas the Banyan tree from Anantapur is biggest in the world, but is not the biggest in India?
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A banyan , also spelled " banian ",  is a fig that begins its life as an epiphyte ,  i. Like other fig species, banyans bear their fruit in the form of a structure called a " syconium ". The syconium of Ficus species supply shelter and food for fig wasps and the trees depend on the fig wasps for pollination. Frugivore birds disperse the seeds of banyans. The seeds are small, and because most banyans grow in woodlands , a seedling that germinates on the ground is unlikely to survive. However, many seeds fall on the branches and stems of other trees or on human edifices, and when they germinate they grow roots down toward the ground and consequently may envelop part of the host tree or edifice. For this reason banyans bear the colloquial name " strangler fig ".
Its main trunk became diseased after it was struck by two cyclones, so in the main trunk of the tree was amputated to keep the remainder healthy; this has left it as a clonal colony , rather than a single tree. Botanically known as Ficus benghalensis , and belonging to the family Moraceae , the tree is a native of India. The fruit is like a small fig and is eaten by some people. It tastes sweeter than fig.
Updated : 4 months ago. This gigantic tree, with a circumference of approximately metres and a spread of about 4 acres, is as large as a forest and has even made its way to the Guinness World Records. So what is it really: A tree? A dense jungle? A canopy? A natural wonder? Or a monument? A Monument with No Pillars. The scientific name of the banyan is Ficus benghalensis, and it grows widely throughout tropical Asia. It is an evergreen tree.